Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large group of common viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). They are named for the crown-like spikes on their surface. Coronaviruses are considered zoonotic diseases, because they start out in animals and jump to humans. It has been determined that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. There are other known coronaviruses that are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans. The 2019 nCov originated in Wuhan, China and is now officially called COVID-19. This strain of coronavirus is still being studied to determine how it transferred to humans, how it is transmitted, incubation period and efficacy on surfaces, etc.
Due to the current outbreak of COVID-19, many people have asked how to protect themselves and what disinfectants can be used to kill the virus. In the United States, disinfectants are regulated in interstate commerce by the Antimicrobials Division, Office of Pesticides Program, EPA. In the U.S., disinfectants are tested for efficacy against pathogenic organisms using standardized methods approved by the Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA). Europe also has standardized testing in place for the same purpose.
It is not typically possible to run these standardized tests on newly identified pathogenic microorganisms for some time as the emerging pathogens are not readily available to testing labs. Once standard test organisms are acquired the EPA registration process requires approval from the agency on all kill claims and label changes. For this reason, NO Commercial disinfectant in the U.S. will have a kill claim for the Wuhan Coronavirus or COVID-19 on their label because it is not yet possible to test the virus.
As an enveloped virus COVID-19 is less resistant to disinfectants. It is expected that any hospital disinfectant would be able to kill the Wuhan Coronavirus when used in accordance with the directions on its label. Until samples of the virus are available for testing, we are not permitted to add a label claim to any of the products that we use.
DISINFECTION – Our E.P.A. Registered Hospital Level Disinfectant has demonstrated effectiveness against viruses similar to COVID-19 on hard non-porous surfaces. Therefore, our product can be used against COVID-19 when used in accordance with the directions for use against Norovirus Feline Calicivirus** and Canine Parvovirus, Strain Cornell-780916, ATCC VR-2016** on hard, non-porous surfaces. Refer to the CDC website at https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-nCoV/ for additional information